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:-[] 3 Celts & Company • "CLANS OF SCOTLAND"

DEFINITION OF THE WORD "CLAN"

"Clan" was the name applied to a group of Kinsmen united under a chief and claiming a common ancestry. They lived as one great family on the lands they possessed. The clansmen or septs supported their chief with remarkable loyalty.
In the 13th Century, the clans rose to prominence. Records of their separate history have been kept enabling all Highlanders to trace their ancestors to that period and in some cases, to a much earlier date.

"CLAN ALPIN."

Clan Siol Alpin: the race of Alpin mac Eochaid.

Maormorship of Ross:: Anderson/Anrias/Siol Andreas, Kenneth/MacKenzie, Matthew/Mathieson, Siol Alpin.

Tradition claims MACALPIN or MACALPINE as the oldest and most purely Celtic of the Highland clans, of royal descent from the dynasty of Kenneth MacAlpin who united Picts and Scots into one kingdom from the year 850, and transferred his capital to Perthshire, from Dun Add in Dalriada (beside Loch Crinan). However, no clan of the name survived into the heyday of the clan system, though individual MacAlpins are recorded from the 13th century, mostly then in Perthshire. Clan Macgregor claims origin from that royal MacAlpin stock: as also do Grant, MacAulay, MacDuff, MacFie/Macphie, MacKinnon, MacNab, and MacQuarrie.

"CLANS OF SCOTLAND." Scots Kith and Kin and Illustrated Map Revised Second Edition. Edinburgh, SCOT: Clan House, c.1970. p.49. Print.

"Ancient North Scotland." The Highland Monthly - Volume 2. Edinburgh: JOHN MENZIES & CO. c.1890-91. p.546. Print.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, clan, septs
# 8 - Clans of Scotland - - - - - Scotland
:-[] 3 Celts & Company • "ANDERSON :: SAINT ANDREW"

Clan Siol Andreas: the race of Andrew/Anrias.

The cult of St Andrew came to the east of Scotland from Europe in the 9th century (c.834 AD). It was distinct from the early Celtic church, which came from Ireland, and the traditions of the different groups of peoples who had lived there in earlier centuries.

The cult soon became well established, and many people went on pilgrimages to St Andrews, its centre. Pilgrims believed that the relics of St Andrew had been brought there by St Rule (a.k.a Saint Regulus). According to legend, St Andrew, one of Christ's disciples, was crucified on an X-shaped cross.

According to the various accounts Regulus was either shipwrecked or told by an angel to stop intentionally on the shores of Fife at the spot called Kilrymont, a Pictish settlement which is now St. Andrews. Here he was welcomed by a Pictish king, Óengus I (fl. 732-761, mac Fergus-the-Tall). Regulus is claimed to have brought three fingers of the saint's right hand, the upper bone of an arm, one kneecap, and one of his teeth.

By the early 14th century, St Andrew was recognised as 'patron and protector' of the Scots, replacing St Columba. His symbol, the Saltire, was adopted as the national emblem. It was carried at the field of Bannockburn in 1314 along with the Brec Bennoch of St Columba, which has in the past been associated with the Monymusk reliquary, also in the National Museum of Scotland.

Images of St Andrew are also found in the Jacobite collection, in particular on the badges of the Order of the Thistle, the greatest Order of Chivalry in Scotland. The Order was established by James VII and II in 1687, to reward Scottish peers who supported his political and religious aims. After his exile to France, the deposed King continued to use it to encourage loyalty among his supporters. The Order continues today […] Bonnie Prince Charlie was keen to emphasise his Scottish roots to encourage support, dressing in tartan during his ill-fated time in Scotland, which ended with his defeat at the Battle of Culloden.

For centuries the Saltire has been used as a symbol of the Scottish people, and it continues to represent the nation today – on earth and in space! His flag was flown at Holyrood and then taken on space shuttle mission STS-116 to the International Space Station by astronaut Nick Patrick, whose mother came from Skye.

"ST ANDREW and the SALTIRE." National Museums of Scotland. [https://www.nms.ac.uk/explore-our-collections/stories/scottish-history-and-archaeology/st-andrew-and-the-saltire/]. 2019. web.

"Ancient North Scotland." The Highland Monthly - Volume 2. Edinburgh: JOHN MENZIES & CO. c.1890-91. p.546. Print.

"The Duan Albanach (Song of the Scots) ." the Lebor Bretnach. Nennius. Trans, William F Skene. Chronicles Of The Picts - Chronicles Of The Scots And Other Early Memorials Of Scottish History. H.M. General Register House, Edinburgh. 1867. Print.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, Anderson, St. Andrew, clan Ross, clan Chattan, septs
# 7 - Anderson see St Andrew - - - St. Andrews - - Scotland
:oops::-[] 3 Celts & Company • "BUCHANAN"

Clan Siol Ui'Cain: the race of O Kyan ( the Cathan/Chattan ).

Maormorship of Moray:: clans Chattan, Cameron, Nachtan/MacNachton/Nacton, Gillean/MacLean/MacLaine, Siol O'Cain:: Munro/Clann an Rothaich/Roich & Gillemheol/MacMillan.

Legend derives the clan's original name MacAusian from Irish prince Anselan O Kyan, granted a settlement in Lennox by Malcolm II. The Auselan first actually recorded was Steward to a 13th-century Earl of Lennox, from whom he obtained the Loch-Lomondside district of Buchanan, which includes Ben Lomond. His son Gilbert was the first user of the Buchanan surname, as well as founder of the branches that took his own name. From Gilbert's brothers Colman and Methlan, grandson Maurice and great-granson Walter there derive other sept names, and the separated clan MacMillan.
George Buchanan, a fore-runner (though in Latin) of Burns and Byron, the tutor of Montaigne, Mary Queen of Scots and James VI, historian and Reformationist, ranks as the clan's chief personality, though a U.S. President could be among others cited.

Septs: COLMAN, CORMACK, COUSLAND, DEWAR, DOVE, DOW, GIBB, GIBBON, GIBSON, GILBERT, GILBERTSON, HARPER, HARPERSON, LEAVY, LENNIE, LENNY, MACALDONICH, MACALMAN, MACASLAN, MANASLIN, MACAUSELAN, MACAUSLAN, MACAUSLAND, MACAUSLANE, MACALMAN, MACCALMONT, MACCAMMOND, MACCASLAND, MACCHRUITER, MACCOLMAN, MACCORMACK, MACCUBBIN, MACCUBING, MACCUBIN, MACGEORGE, MACGIBBON, MACGRREWSICH, MACGUBBIN, MACINALLY, MACINDEOR, MACINDOE, MACKINLAY, MACKINLEY, MACMASTER, MACMAURICE, MACMURCHIE, MACMURCHY, MACNEUR, MACNUIR, MACNUYER, MACQUATTIE, MACWATTIE, MACWHIRTER, MASTERS, MASTERSON, MORRICE, MORRIS, MORRISON, MURCHIE, MURCHISON, RICHARDSON, RISK, RUSK, RUSKIN, SPITTAL, SPITTEL, WALTER, WALTERS, WASON, WATERS, WATSON, WATT, WATTERS, WEIR, YUILL, YOOL, YULE, ZUILL

"MACMILLAN" The term 'ancient' normally describes a change in colour that can be applied to any tartan. In the case of MacMillan the 'ancient' form involves a more radical change, justifying the traditional use of the adjective in the name of the tartan. James Logan, co-author of 'The Clans of the Scottish Highlands' (1847), states that this version is identical with Buchanan. The thread count was deduced by J. Cant from the illustration by R.R. MacIan in the same work.

"BUKANSIDA" an Old Norse place name. "-an" Scot masculine suffix used to form nouns often for male given names. The Earldom of Mar and Buchan formed one of the seven original Scottish earldoms (Kingdom of Ce). Alba's stone circles are most densely concentrated near Aberdeen, in old Buchan.

"Odin's Stone" Promise of Odin, a promise of marriage or particular sort of contract, accounted very sacred by some of the inhabitants of Orkney. [...] the Stone at Stenhouse with the round hole in it, [...] was customary, when promises were made, for the contracting parties to join hands through this hole; and the promises so made were called the promises of Odin.

"PROMISE of ODIN." An Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language: Volume 2. Edinburgh, SCOT: University Press, c.1808. chap.O. Print.

"BUKANSIDA". Grímur Jónsson Thorkelin. Fragments of English and Irish history in the ninth and tenth century. London, UK. 2 Nov 1788. map. Print.

"BUCHANAN." Scots Kith and Kin and Illustrated Map Revised Second Edition. Edinburgh, SCOT: Clan House, c.1970. p.50. Print.

"Ancient North Scotland." The Highland Monthly - Volume 2. Edinburgh: JOHN MENZIES & CO. c.1890-91. p.546. Print.

"MACMILLAN ANCIENT" National Records of Scotland, H.M. General Register House, 2 Princes Street, Edinburgh, EH1 3YY. [https://www.tartanregister.gov.uk/tartanDetails?ref=2657]. 2019. web.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, Buchanan, clan, septs
# 6 - Clan Buchanan, see also MacMillan - - - - - Scotland
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