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:-[] 3 Celts & Company • "CLANS OF SCOTLAND"

DEFINITION OF THE WORD "CLAN"

"Clan" was the name applied to a group of Kinsmen united under a chief and claiming a common ancestry. They lived as one great family on the lands they possessed. The clansmen or septs supported their chief with remarkable loyalty.
In the 13th Century, the clans rose to prominence. Records of their separate history have been kept enabling all Highlanders to trace their ancestors to that period and in some cases, to a much earlier date.

"CLAN ALPIN."

Tradition claims MACALPIN or MACALPINE as the oldest and most purely Celtic of the Highland clans, of royal descent from the dynasty of Kenneth MacAlpin who united Picts and Scots into one kingdom from the year 850, and transferred his capital to Perthshire, from Dun Add in Dalriada (beside Loch Crinan). However, no clan of the name survived into the heyday of the clan system, though individual MacAlpins are recorded from the 13th century, mostly then in Perthshire. Clan Macgregor claims origin from that royal MacAlpin stock: as also do MacAulay, MacDuff, MacFie, MacKinnon, MacNab, and MacQuarrie.

"CLANS OF SCOTLAND." Scots Kith and Kin and Illustrated Map Revised Second Edition. Edinburgh, SCOT: Clan House, c.1970. p.49. Print.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, clan, septs
# 7 - Clans of Scotland - 12/31/2013 - 08:03 - - - Scotland
:-[] 3 Celts & Company • "CLAN CHATTAN"

This long-powerful group of clans [arguably cast during the reign of Kenneth MacAlpin] comprised two main divisions, respectively under Macintosh and MacPherson leadership, with some subsidiary septs and family groups joining for protection under a general banner. Dissension arose among the sections from various causes, not least from their encroaching neighbours the Gordons enticing them into opposing camps, as at Harlaw 1411.
Accounts of the Clan Chattan's origin vary. The Macintoshes, holding to their own Macduff origin, regard it as a confederacy, with the MacPhersons just a branch from Macintosh stock. MacPhersons, putting reliance on a written geneology of 1450, favor the Chattan sections as having branched from an ancestor Gillechattan Mor, a Moray chief of the early 11th century: his elder son Nechtan founding the MacPhersons, and the younger Neil the Macintoshes, which surname only appears two centuries later. Either way of it, the Clunie MacPhersons retained the old Chattan chiefship although in 1291 the Macintoshes, through marriage of their chief Angus to Eva the MacPherson heiress, achieved the greater share of land and followers, also their chief's right to be styled 'Captain of the Clan Chattan,' leaving their claim to full chiefship a good-going dispute scarcely yet settled.

MacPherson Group: MACPHERSON, DAVIDSON, GILLESPIE, KEITH, SMITH

Macintosh Group: MACINTOSH, FARQUHARSON, MACBEAN, MACGILLIVRAY, MACGLASHAN, MACHARDIE, MACQUEEN, NOBLE, MACTAVISH, SHAW

--------------------------------------------------

Also: CAMERON, CHATTANACH, CLARK, MACPHAIL

"CLAN CHATTAN." Scots Kith and Kin and Illustrated Map Revised Second Edition. Edinburgh, SCOT: Clan House, c.1970. p.52,53. Print.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, MacPherson, MacIntosh, clan, septs
# 6 - see MacPherson and Clark | Clergy and MacIntosh - 12/23/2013 - 13:13 - - - Scotland
:-[]:-P 3 Celts & Company • "MACDUFF"

Like the clan's claim of descent from Clan Alpin, the real story of Shakespeare's Macduff overthrowing Macbeth in 1056 remains uncertain, but the hereditary special privilages and dispensations once known as 'Law Clan Macduff' must have originated from some other notable service. Thus, it was accepted even by Edward I, "Hammer of the Scots," that a Scottish king could be properly crowned only by a Macduff. Edward retained that young chief at the English court and gave him his grand-daughter's hand, but Macduff's sister Isabel countess of Buchan crowned King Robert Bruce in 1306. Captured later by Edward, she was punished by confinement in a cage at Berwick.
Until among the first Earls created by David I, the Macduff Thanes of Fife held their territory in the old Celtic manner 'by grace of God,' not from King--hence occasional mentions of the county as though of itself a 'kingdom.' Their direct line failed with another 14th-century Isabel, but the Duff families then first heard of in Aberdeenshire claim to carry on the clan. They reacquired the title Earl, then Duke of Fife, but their territory remained around where they founded the fishing town Macduff.

Septs: DUFF, FIFE, FYFE, FYFFE, HUME, KILGOUR, SPENCE, SPENS, WEEMS, WEMYSS

"MACDUFF." Scots Kith and Kin and Illustrated Map Revised Second Edition. Edinburgh, SCOT: Clan House, c.1970. p.66,67. Print.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, MacDuff, MacIntosh, clan, Chattan, septs
# 5 - Macduff, see also Clan Chattan and MacIntosh - 12/09/2013 - 01:54 - - - Scotland
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