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:-[]:-P 3 Celts & Company • "HAMILTON"

Taking the name of a town in England, a Norman named Walter FitzGilbert de Hambeldon (wardship of Gilbert de Umfraville, Earl of Angus c.1245, some places spelled de Hamildon and others de Homildon), descentant of Odinel I d’Umfraville (c.1090), baron of castle Prudhoe in Northumberland, moved to Renfrewshire. Governor of Bothwell Castle for the English during the early part of the Scottish War of Independence, but later joined Robert the Bruce and fought at his side at Bannockburn. For his support he was awarded forfeited Comyn lands by Bruce, including the properties of Cadzow in the Lothians that were in due course renamed Hamilton. It was Walter's son David, by some accounts, that first spelled his name in the modern form. Other accounts credit his grandsons as the first to adopt the modern spelling. In any case, the spelling of names has taken many different forms over the ages, even into more modern times.
In 1503, the 2nd Lord Hamilton was created Earl of Arran, the Gaelic-speaking island in the Forth of Clyde on which the family then made their home at Brodick Castle. Their son, the 2nd Earl, also called James, was the heir to the Scottish throne after King James IV and was named Regent, acting for Mary, Queen of Scots, during her minority.
As primarily a lowland family, the Hamiltons do not have associated family names, or 'septs' as they are called by some, as a number of the Highland Clans do. Therefore, only persons named Hamilton, or descendents thereof, are considered to be a part of the Hamilton clan family. However, there are a number of common spelling derivations of the name Hamilton that are accepted. These include:

Hameldon, Hamildune, Hamildone, Hameldone, Hamiltun, Hamiltune, Hamildone, Hambledon, Hamblenden, Hambeden, Hambeldene, Hameledene, Hamelden, Hamilden, Hameldon, Hamelton, Hambleton, Hamilton

The Clan Hamilton Society recognizes three families at the present time that we know were closely associated with the Hamiltons:

The Cadzows
The Brownlees
The Leepers/Leipers

Hamilton, John R. "HAMILTON NAME." [http://www.clanhamilton.org/]. 2009. web.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, Hamilton, clan
# 5 - Clan Hamilton - 12/14/2013 - 08:44 - - - Scotland
:-[]:-P 3 Celts & Company • "MACDUFF"

Like the clan's claim of descent from Clan Alpin, the real story of Shakespeare's Macduff overthrowing Macbeth in 1056 remains uncertain, but the hereditary special privilages and dispensations once known as 'Law Clan Macduff' must have originated from some other notable service. Thus, it was accepted even by Edward I, "Hammer of the Scots," that a Scottish king could be properly crowned only by a Macduff. Edward retained that young chief at the English court and gave him his grand-daughter's hand, but Macduff's sister Isabel countess of Buchan crowned King Robert Bruce in 1306. Captured later by Edward, she was punished by confinement in a cage at Berwick.
Until among the first Earls created by David I, the Macduff Thanes of Fife held their territory in the old Celtic manner 'by grace of God,' not from King--hence occasional mentions of the county as though of itself a 'kingdom.' Their direct line failed with another 14th-century Isabel, but the Duff families then first heard of in Aberdeenshire claim to carry on the clan. They reacquired the title Earl, then Duke of Fife, but their territory remained around where they founded the fishing town Macduff.

"Law of Clan MacDuff." In 1425, the last Earl of Fife, Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany, was beheaded. The Clan MacDuff's hereditary right of bearing the Crown of Scotland then passed to the Lord Abernethy. The current Lord Abernethy, who is consequently bearer of the Scottish Crown, is Alexander Douglas-Hamilton, 16th Duke of Hamilton, Hereditary Keeper of the Palace of Holyroodhouse.

Septs: DUFF, FIFE, FYFE, FYFFE, HUME, KILGOUR, SPENCE, SPENS, WEEMS, WEMYSS

"MACDUFF." Scots Kith and Kin and Illustrated Map Revised Second Edition. Edinburgh, SCOT: Clan House, c.1970. p.66,67. Print.

"Law of Clan MacDuff." Wikipedia. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_MacDuff]. 12 September 2017. web.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, MacDuff, MacIntosh, clan, Chattan, septs
# 4 - Macduff, see MacIntosh and Clan Chattan - 12/09/2013 - 01:54 - - - Scotland

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