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;-) 3 Celts & Company • "REGIMENTAL TARTANS"

The first Highland regiment, the Black Watch was originally raised from clans openly loyal to the status quo to police the Highlands, which were deemed to be both rebellious and lawless by the contemporary British establishment. However, due to a pressing need for personnel in North America during the Seven Years' War, William Pitt the elder made the decision to raise new Highland regiments to fight in this imperial war. The war ended victory and among other things, Canada was secured as a part of the British Empire, while the British East India Company's position in India was consolidated and expanded, both at the expense of the French. These Highland regiments were disbanded after the war, but other Highland regiments were later raised and, like the rest of the British Army, saw service in various wars including in the British colonisation of India and the Peninsular War. By the Victorian era the loyalty of the Highlanders was no longer suspect. Moreover perhaps due to Queen Victoria's well-known love for all things Scottish, in particular things pertaining to the Highlands, as well as the celebrated role of Highland regiments in Victorian conflicts such as the Crimean War and the putting down of the Indian Mutiny, the Highland regiments earned a reputation which influenced the mindset of Scottish regiments which are thoroughly Lowland in origin. Among other things, this resulted in the wearing of tartan by Lowland regiments which previously wore uniforms not clearly distinguishable from their Irish, Welsh and English counterparts. Also the world-wide popularity of the Great Highland Bagpipe owes much to the regimental bagpipe band present all over the world due to the stationing of Highland regiments throughout the British Empire and their role in many wars fought by Britain. Many extant Highland regiments that are not in the armed forces of the United Kingdom have formed formal honorary affiliations with Highland regiments therein.

BLACK WATCH ('42nd'): The Royal Highlanders (Black Watch), 9th H.L.I. (Glasgow Highlanders), 1st N.S.W. Scottish Rifles, Black Watch (R.H.C.) of Canada.

CAMPBELL: 1st Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, Lorne Scots of Canada.

DAVIDSON: 48th Highlanders of Canada.

DOUGLAS: Cameronians (Scottish Rifles).

GORDON: Gordon Highlanders, Cape Town Scottish, Victorian Scottish Reg. Austrailia.

LESLIE: King's Own Scottish Borderers (K.O.S.B.)

MACGREGOR: Essex Scots of Canada.

MACKENZIE: Seaforth Highlanders, Highland Light Infantry (H.L.I.), Seaforth Highlanders of Canada, Highland Light Infantry of Canada, Piton Highlanders.

STEWART (Hunting): The Royal Scots, Canadian Scottish.

STEWART (Royal): Pipers of The Royal Highlanders (Black Watch), The Royal Scots, The Scots Guards, The Cameron Highlanders.

SUTHERLAND (i.e. modified Black Watch Tartan): 2nd Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, Royal Scots Fusiliers, 5th Battalion Seaforth Highlanders, 91st Battalion Canadian Highlanders, Cape Breton Highlanders, Calgary Highlanders, Royal Scots Fusiliers of Canada.

U.S. ARMY (The North American Colonies): The colours were chosen to represent the uniforms - black for the beret, khaki for the summer uniform, light green for the original sniper and now part of the summer uniform, dark blue for the original dress uniform, olive for the combat uniform and gold for the cavalry.

LEATHERNECK (The North American Colonies): Designed by the U.S. Marine Corps Historical Foundation. Does not have the sanction of the Corps but is sometimes sold as the 'U.S. Marines.'

"REGIMENTAL TARTANS." Scots Kith and Kin and Illustrated Map Revised Second Edition. Edinburgh, SCOT: Clan House, c.1970. p.86,87. Print.

"Highland Regiments". Wikipedia. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scottish_regiment]. January 2014. web.

The Scottish Register of Tartans (SRT). [http://www.tartanregister.gov.uk/tartanDetails.aspx?ref=4182]. January 2014. web.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, Military, Regimental, clan
# 8 - Military Regimental Tartans - 01/02/2014 - 05:25 - - - UK and US
:oops::-[] 3 Celts & Company • "BUCHANAN"

Clan Siol Ui'Cain: the race of O Kyan ( the Cathan/Chattan ).

Maormorship of Moray:: clans Chattan, Cameron, Nachtan/MacNachton/Nacton, Gillean/MacLean/MacLaine, Siol O'Cain:: Munro/Clann an Rothaich/Roich & Gillemheol/MacMillan.

Legend derives the clan's original name MacAusian from Irish prince Anselan O Kyan, granted a settlement in Lennox by Malcolm II. The Auselan first actually recorded was Steward to a 13th-century Earl of Lennox, from whom he obtained the Loch-Lomondside district of Buchanan, which includes Ben Lomond. His son Gilbert was the first user of the Buchanan surname, as well as founder of the branches that took his own name. From Gilbert's brothers Colman and Methlan, grandson Maurice and great-granson Walter there derive other sept names, and the separated clan MacMillan.
George Buchanan, a fore-runner (though in Latin) of Burns and Byron, the tutor of Montaigne, Mary Queen of Scots and James VI, historian and Reformationist, ranks as the clan's chief personality, though a U.S. President could be among others cited.

Septs: COLMAN, CORMACK, COUSLAND, DEWAR, DOVE, DOW, GIBB, GIBBON, GIBSON, GILBERT, GILBERTSON, HARPER, HARPERSON, LEAVY, LENNIE, LENNY, MACALDONICH, MACALMAN, MACASLAN, MANASLIN, MACAUSELAN, MACAUSLAN, MACAUSLAND, MACAUSLANE, MACALMAN, MACCALMONT, MACCAMMOND, MACCASLAND, MACCHRUITER, MACCOLMAN, MACCORMACK, MACCUBBIN, MACCUBING, MACCUBIN, MACGEORGE, MACGIBBON, MACGRREWSICH, MACGUBBIN, MACINALLY, MACINDEOR, MACINDOE, MACKINLAY, MACKINLEY, MACMASTER, MACMAURICE, MACMURCHIE, MACMURCHY, MACNEUR, MACNUIR, MACNUYER, MACQUATTIE, MACWATTIE, MACWHIRTER, MASTERS, MASTERSON, MORRICE, MORRIS, MORRISON, MURCHIE, MURCHISON, RICHARDSON, RISK, RUSK, RUSKIN, SPITTAL, SPITTEL, WALTER, WALTERS, WASON, WATERS, WATSON, WATT, WATTERS, WEIR, YUILL, YOOL, YULE, ZUILL

"MACMILLAN" The term 'ancient' normally describes a change in colour that can be applied to any tartan. In the case of MacMillan the 'ancient' form involves a more radical change, justifying the traditional use of the adjective in the name of the tartan. James Logan, co-author of 'The Clans of the Scottish Highlands' (1847), states that this version is identical with Buchanan. The thread count was deduced by J. Cant from the illustration by R.R. MacIan in the same work.

"BUKANSIDA" an Old Norse place name. "-an" Scot masculine suffix used to form nouns often for male given names. The Earldom of Mar and Buchan formed one of the seven original Scottish earldoms (Kingdom of Ce). Alba's stone circles are most densely concentrated near Aberdeen, in old Buchan.

"Odin's Stone" Promise of Odin, a promise of marriage or particular sort of contract, accounted very sacred by some of the inhabitants of Orkney. [...] the Stone at Stenhouse with the round hole in it, [...] was customary, when promises were made, for the contracting parties to join hands through this hole; and the promises so made were called the promises of Odin.

"PROMISE of ODIN." An Etymological Dictionary of the Scottish Language: Volume 2. Edinburgh, SCOT: University Press, c.1808. chap.O. Print.

"BUKANSIDA". Grímur Jónsson Thorkelin. Fragments of English and Irish history in the ninth and tenth century. London, UK. 2 Nov 1788. map. Print.

"BUCHANAN." Scots Kith and Kin and Illustrated Map Revised Second Edition. Edinburgh, SCOT: Clan House, c.1970. p.50. Print.

"Ancient North Scotland." The Highland Monthly - Volume 2. Edinburgh: JOHN MENZIES & CO. c.1890-91. p.546. Print.

"MACMILLAN ANCIENT" National Records of Scotland, H.M. General Register House, 2 Princes Street, Edinburgh, EH1 3YY. [https://www.tartanregister.gov.uk/tartanDetails?ref=2657]. 2019. web.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, Buchanan, clan, septs
# 7 - Clan Buchanan, see also MacMillan - 12/31/2013 - 05:03 - - - Scotland
:-[] 3 Celts & Company • "CAMERON"

The clan, settled in Locaber since at least Bruce's time, later became an important branch of the Clan Chattan confederacy, and their name taken as Cam-shron (s silent), 'hook-nose,' is reported to have fitted many Highland Camerons. But Camerons also, from the Norman name Cambron, had for a century before Bruce been spreading widely from their Fife headquarters of the same name. If the name in common is mere coincidence, it is not the only one.
Among several branches of the Highland clan, that of the Chief acquired their Lochiel property by marriage: to make that name, with their motto 'For King and Country,' resound in the Stewart causes. Then in 1793 under Cameron of Erracht they founded the 79th or Cameron Highlanders to serve with no less distinction.
The southern Camerons of the 17th century directed their zeal rather differently. The scholarly John Cameron founded a protestant group in France called Cameronites; Richard Cameron, killed at Airdsmoss, 1660, a militant Covenanter, gave name to the Cameronian sect and a later Lowland regiment.

Septs: CHALMERS, CHAMBERS, CLARK, CLARKE, CLARKSON, CLERGY, CLERK, DOWIE, GIBBON, GILBERTSON, KENNEDY, LEARY, LONIE, MACALDOWIE, MACALONIE, MACCHLERY, MACCLAIR, MACCLEARY, MACGILLERY, MACGILLONIE, MACILDOWIE, MACKAIL, MACKELL, MACLEAR, MACLEARY, MACLERIE, MACMARTIN, MACONIE, MACOSTRICH, MACPHAIL, MACSORLEY, MACULRIG, MACVAIL, MACWALRICK, MARTIN, PAUL, SORLEY, SORLIE, TAYLOR

"CAMERON." Scots Kith and Kin and Illustrated Map Revised Second Edition. Edinburgh, SCOT: Clan House, c.1970. p.51. Print.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, Cameron, clan, septs
# 6 - Clan Cameron - 12/30/2013 - 08:20 - - - Scotland
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