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;-) 3 Celts & Company • "REGIMENTAL TARTANS"

The first Highland regiment, the Black Watch was originally raised from clans openly loyal to the status quo to police the Highlands, which were deemed to be both rebellious and lawless by the contemporary British establishment. However, due to a pressing need for personnel in North America during the Seven Years' War, William Pitt the elder made the decision to raise new Highland regiments to fight in this imperial war. The war ended victory and among other things, Canada was secured as a part of the British Empire, while the British East India Company's position in India was consolidated and expanded, both at the expense of the French. These Highland regiments were disbanded after the war, but other Highland regiments were later raised and, like the rest of the British Army, saw service in various wars including in the British colonisation of India and the Peninsular War. By the Victorian era the loyalty of the Highlanders was no longer suspect. Moreover perhaps due to Queen Victoria's well-known love for all things Scottish, in particular things pertaining to the Highlands, as well as the celebrated role of Highland regiments in Victorian conflicts such as the Crimean War and the putting down of the Indian Mutiny, the Highland regiments earned a reputation which influenced the mindset of Scottish regiments which are thoroughly Lowland in origin. Among other things, this resulted in the wearing of tartan by Lowland regiments which previously wore uniforms not clearly distinguishable from their Irish, Welsh and English counterparts. Also the world-wide popularity of the Great Highland Bagpipe owes much to the regimental bagpipe band present all over the world due to the stationing of Highland regiments throughout the British Empire and their role in many wars fought by Britain. Many extant Highland regiments that are not in the armed forces of the United Kingdom have formed formal honorary affiliations with Highland regiments therein.

BLACK WATCH ('42nd'): The Royal Highlanders (Black Watch), 9th H.L.I. (Glasgow Highlanders), 1st N.S.W. Scottish Rifles, Black Watch (R.H.C.) of Canada.

CAMPBELL: 1st Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, Lorne Scots of Canada.

DAVIDSON: 48th Highlanders of Canada.

DOUGLAS: Cameronians (Scottish Rifles).

GORDON: Gordon Highlanders, Cape Town Scottish, Victorian Scottish Reg. Austrailia.

LESLIE: King's Own Scottish Borderers (K.O.S.B.)

MACGREGOR: Essex Scots of Canada.

MACKENZIE: Seaforth Highlanders, Highland Light Infantry (H.L.I.), Seaforth Highlanders of Canada, Highland Light Infantry of Canada, Piton Highlanders.

STEWART (Hunting): The Royal Scots, Canadian Scottish.

STEWART (Royal): Pipers of The Royal Highlanders (Black Watch), The Royal Scots, The Scots Guards, The Cameron Highlanders.

SUTHERLAND (i.e. modified Black Watch Tartan): 2nd Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, Royal Scots Fusiliers, 5th Battalion Seaforth Highlanders, 91st Battalion Canadian Highlanders, Cape Breton Highlanders, Calgary Highlanders, Royal Scots Fusiliers of Canada.

U.S. ARMY (The North American Colonies): The colours were chosen to represent the uniforms - black for the beret, khaki for the summer uniform, light green for the original sniper and now part of the summer uniform, dark blue for the original dress uniform, olive for the combat uniform and gold for the cavalry.

LEATHERNECK (The North American Colonies): Designed by the U.S. Marine Corps Historical Foundation. Does not have the sanction of the Corps but is sometimes sold as the 'U.S. Marines.'

"REGIMENTAL TARTANS." Scots Kith and Kin and Illustrated Map Revised Second Edition. Edinburgh, SCOT: Clan House, c.1970. p.86,87. Print.

"Highland Regiments". Wikipedia. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scottish_regiment]. January 2014. web.

The Scottish Register of Tartans (SRT). [http://www.tartanregister.gov.uk/tartanDetails.aspx?ref=4182]. January 2014. web.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, Military, Regimental, clan
# 7 - Military Regimental Tartans - 01/02/2014 - 05:25 - - - UK and US
:-[] 3 Celts & Company • "CAMERON"

The clan, settled in Locaber since at least Bruce's time, later became an important branch of the Clan Chattan confederacy, and their name taken as Cam-shron (s silent), 'hook-nose,' is reported to have fitted many Highland Camerons. But Camerons also, from the Norman name Cambron, had for a century before Bruce been spreading widely from their Fife headquarters of the same name. If the name in common is mere coincidence, it is not the only one.
Among several branches of the Highland clan, that of the Chief acquired their Lochiel property by marriage: to make that name, with their motto 'For King and Country,' resound in the Stewart causes. Then in 1793 under Cameron of Erracht they founded the 79th or Cameron Highlanders to serve with no less distinction.
The southern Camerons of the 17th century directed their zeal rather differently. The scholarly John Cameron founded a protestant group in France called Cameronites; Richard Cameron, killed at Airdsmoss, 1660, a militant Covenanter, gave name to the Cameronian sect and a later Lowland regiment.

Septs: CHALMERS, CHAMBERS, CLARK, CLARKE, CLARKSON, CLERGY, CLERK, DOWIE, GIBBON, GILBERTSON, KENNEDY, LEARY, LONIE, MACALDOWIE, MACALONIE, MACCHLERY, MACCLAIR, MACCLEARY, MACGILLERY, MACGILLONIE, MACILDOWIE, MACKAIL, MACKELL, MACLEAR, MACLEARY, MACLERIE, MACMARTIN, MACONIE, MACOSTRICH, MACPHAIL, MACSORLEY, MACULRIG, MACVAIL, MACWALRICK, MARTIN, PAUL, SORLEY, SORLIE, TAYLOR

"CAMERON." Scots Kith and Kin and Illustrated Map Revised Second Edition. Edinburgh, SCOT: Clan House, c.1970. p.51. Print.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, Cameron, clan, septs
# 6 - Clan Cameron - 12/30/2013 - 08:20 - - - Scotland
:-[] 3 Celts & Company • "CLAN CHATTAN"

This long-powerful group of clans [arguably cast during the reign of Kenneth MacAlpin] comprised two main divisions, respectively under Macintosh and MacPherson leadership, with some subsidiary septs and family groups joining for protection under a general banner. Dissension arose among the sections from various causes, not least from their encroaching neighbours the Gordons enticing them into opposing camps, as at Harlaw 1411.
Accounts of the Clan Chattan's origin vary. The Macintoshes, holding to their own Macduff origin, regard it as a confederacy, with the MacPhersons just a branch from Macintosh stock. MacPhersons, putting reliance on a written geneology of 1450, favor the Chattan sections as having branched from an ancestor Gillechattan Mor, a Moray chief of the early 11th century: his elder son Nechtan founding the MacPhersons, and the younger Neil the Macintoshes, which surname only appears two centuries later. Either way of it, the Clunie MacPhersons retained the old Chattan chiefship although in 1291 the Macintoshes, through marriage of their chief Angus to Eva the MacPherson heiress, achieved the greater share of land and followers, also their chief's right to be styled 'Captain of the Clan Chattan,' leaving their claim to full chiefship a good-going dispute scarcely yet settled.

MacPherson Group: MACPHERSON, DAVIDSON, GILLESPIE, KEITH, SMITH

Macintosh Group: MACINTOSH, FARQUHARSON, MACBEAN, MACGILLIVRAY, MACGLASHAN, MACHARDIE, MACQUEEN, NOBLE, MACTAVISH, SHAW

--------------------------------------------------

Also: CAMERON, CHATTANACH, CLARK, MACPHAIL

"CLAN CHATTAN." Scots Kith and Kin and Illustrated Map Revised Second Edition. Edinburgh, SCOT: Clan House, c.1970. p.52,53. Print.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, MacPherson, MacIntosh, clan, septs
# 5 - see MacPherson and Clark | Clergy and MacIntosh - 12/23/2013 - 13:13 - - - Scotland
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