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:-[] 3 Celts & Company • BLACK WATCH "Independent Highland Companies"

The first Independent Companies (then known as the 'Kings Guard') are generally regarded to have been formed after the Union of the Crowns in 1603 when James VI of Scotland became James I of England. Following events of 1688, King James II of England (VII of Scotland) made a decision to secure peace throughout both the Scottish Highlands and Scottish Lowlands. The main chiefs were asked to supply a certain number of men each. By 1738 the Independent Highland Companies were known officially as 'Am Freiceadan Dubh' or Black Watch. The Independent Highland Companies took a very active part in the Jacobite rising of 1745. One of their first actions was when 600 men of the Grant, two Sutherland, Munro and Mackay companies fought in the Siege of Fort Augustus (December 1745). The fort was liberated from the Clan Fraser of Lovat, largely Jacobites.
During the Seven Years’ War a number of unidentified Independent Highland Companies were raised but were almost immediately sent south to the Scottish Lowlands or to England as new recruits and could scarcely be regarded as true Independent Companies but were more like a recruitment agency for the British Army. There were no more Independent Highland Companies formed after 1763 but from those that had been before emerged the world-famous Highland regiments during the remainder of the 18th century.

Clans: MURRAY, MENZIES, STUART, CAMPBELL, ROBERTSON, MACFARLANE, GRAHAM, GORDON, MONRO, SUTHERLAND (under GUNN), GRANT, MACKAY, MACLEOD, MACINTOSH (town of INVERNESS), MACKENZIE, MACDONALD of SLEAT, ROSS

"Independent Highland Companies." Wikipedia. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independent_Highland_Companies]. 3 November 2013. web.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, Black Watch, clan, regiments
# 47 - Black Watch - 12/13/2013 - 00:45 - - - Scotland
:-P:-[] 3 Celts & Company • "JOHNSTON"

John, a 12th-century holder of Annandale lands under the Bruces,gave name to his citadel or 'toun,' from which his son took the surname de JOHNSTON or JOHNSTONE: the spelling indicating no real difference, though the "e" is less frequent in North than South. A turbulent Border clan--hardly "the Gentle Johnstones" to their MAXWELL and DOUGLAS rivals--they were frequently appointed Wardens of the West March, hence their motto, "Aye Ready." The Aberdeenshire branch was founded by a 14th-century Steven de JOHNSTON, from the Annandale family, marrying a GARRIOCH heiress. JOHNSTONES of Coll are properly MacIANS from Ardnamurchan; whilst occasional others have had the name as hailing from Perth, otherwise St. John's-toun.

Septs: JOHNSTONE, MARCHBANKS, MARJORIBANKS, ROME

"JOHNSTON." Scots Kith and Kin and Illustrated Map Revised Second Edition. Edinburgh, SCOT: Clan House, c.1970. p.59. Print.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, Johnston, Johnstone, clan, septs
# 46 - Clan Johnston - 12/12/2013 - 17:29 - - - Scotland
:-[] 3 Celts & Company • "KEITH"

In the time of David I, Hervey de Keith possessed half of the lands named Keith in SW East Lothian, and his great-grandson acquired the other half by marrying its Fraser heiress. As hereditary Grand Marischals of Scotland, the chiefs took a prominent part in the country's affairs and battles, and attained vast possessions, pricipally northwards. About 1390, Sir William Keith was the builder of historic Dunottar Castle as his main seat; and in 1593 the fifth Earl Marischal founded the famous Marischal College of Aberdeen. The tenth and last earl forfeited title and all estates for active support of the Old Chevalier in 1715. The numerous Dicksons of the Border and Dixons in England descend from one of the early Keith-Marischal.

Septs: AUTIN, DICKISON, DICKSON, DIXON, DIXSON, FALCONER, HARVEY, HAXTON, HERVEY, HURRIE, HURRY, LUMGAIR, MARSHALL, URIE, URRY

"KEITH." Scots Kith and Kin and Illustrated Map Revised Second Edition. Edinburgh, SCOT: Clan House, c.1970. p.59. Print.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, Keith, MacPherson, clan, Chattan, septs
# 45 - Keith, see also Clan Chattan and MacPherson or Clark - 12/12/2013 - 17:21 - - - Scotland

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