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:-[] 3 Celts & Company • "SUTHERLAND"

The Clan Sutherland is an early branch from Clan Murray, as there mentioned. In 1197 Hugh, a grandson of Freskin de Moravia, [ see "DOUGLAS" p.54 ] was granted by William the Lion the southern portion of Caithness, named 'Sudrland' while previously under Norse occupation. Hugh's son William, who died at Dunrobin Castle in 1248, was created Earl of Sutherland, which earldom remains the oldest extant in Britain.
The clan, of whom many retained the name Murray, was much embroiled in feuds with neighbours until a Peace of 1591, yet figured with distinction at Bannockburn and other national battles. In the Jacobite times they took the side of government along with old rivals like the MacKays, and in contrast to their own parent clan. In 1800 they formed the 93rd or Sutherland Highlanders--the 'Thin Red Line' of Balacava--that was joined with the Argyllshires in 1881.

Septs: CHIENE, CHEYNE, CLYNE, DUFFES, DUFFUS, FEDERITH, GRAY, KEITH, MOUAT, MOWATT, MURRAY, OLIPHANT

"SUTHERLAND." Scots Kith and Kin and Illustrated Map Revised Second Edition. Edinburgh, SCOT: Clan House, c.1970. p.82,83. Print.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, Sutherland, Black Watch, clan, septs
# 14 - Sutherland, see Douglas and Black Watch - 12/05/2013 - 19:14 - - - Scotland
:-[] 3 Celts & Company • "WALLACE"

The Wallace family first came to Scotland with a Norman family in the 11th century. David I of Scotland was eager to extend the benefits of Norman influence and gave grants to the nobles of the south. Among them was Walter Fitzallan, who the Scottish king appointed his Steward in 1136. One of Fitzallan's followers was Richard Wallace from Oswestry who came north to try and improve his fortunes. Oswestry is on the Welsh border so it is possible that the name Wallace may be a corruption of Le Waleis meaning the "Welshman". However while it is possible that the Wallaces were originally Britons from Wales, who came north with David I of Scotland in the eleventh century, another theory is that they were Britons who had settled in Strathclyde in the tenth century.
Lord Fitzallan received from King David lands in Ayrshire and so it was here that his follower Richard Wallace settled. Richard Wallace was granted his own estate in Kyle, where it is claimed that his name Richard is still remembered in the placename of the village of Riccarton. Richard Wallace (Walensis) held lands in Kilmarnock and was a vassal of the High Steward of Scotland before 1160. His grandson was Adam Walays who in turn had two sons, the eldest of whom succeeded to the family estates in Ayrshire. Adam's younger son was Malcolm Wallace who received the lands of Auchinbothie and Elderslie in Renfrewshire.
During the Wars of Scottish Independence William Wallace and Andrew de Moray began a successful military guerrilla campaign against the English. In 1297 they won a great and stunning victory over the English at the Battle of Stirling Bridge, after which Wallace was knighted as Guardian of Scotland. Wallace was also in command at the Battle of Falkirk in 1298, but there he was defeated by the superiority of the English numbers. Wallace was eventually captured at Robroyston near Glasgow and delivered to Edward Longshanks of England by a senior Scottish law officer - Sir John Mentieth. Wallace was subjected to a show trial, in which he was found guilty of treason and hung, drawn, and quartered at Smithfield, London in 1305.

Septs: There are no sept families of Clan Wallace. This is the decision of the current clan chief.

Most common Wallace - and second most common: Wallis
Walla, Wallais, Wallace, Wallice, Wallang, Wallass, Wallayis, Wallays, Walleis, Wallensis, Walles, Walleyis, Walleys, Walli, Wallis, Walls, Wallyis, Wallys, Walker, Walois, Walys
- Waces, Wal’, Walace, Walais, Walans, Walas, Walays, Wale, Waleis, Walency, Walens, Walense, Walensen, Walensi, Walensis, Wales, Waless, Waleys, Waleyss
- Valance, Valensis, Valeyns, Vallace, Vallance, Valles, Valleyis, Vallibus (Not Vallibus, which has always signified the family of de Vaux or Vaus)
- Uallas (the Scots Gaelic)
- Gadhel, Galeis, Galeius, Gales, Galeys, Galleius, Grieve, Galleius, Galles, Galles, Gallia, Gallois, Gaul, Gweddol

"Clan Wallace". Wikipedia. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clan_Wallace]. November 2013. web.

keywords[x] tartan, wool, kilts, Wallace, clan
# 13 - Wallace - 12/05/2013 - 06:58 - - - Scotland
:-[] 3 Celts & Company • "YOUNG"

Derived from the Old English word "geong" meaning "young." This surname was used as a descriptive name to distinguish father from son or to the younger of two relatives with the same first name (similar to "Jr." used in the USA as well as "Mac" in some Gaelic names. This has resulted in many disparate strands of Young genealogy. A personal name with the same meaning with the Gaelic Og or Oig. 'Young', English, Scottish, , and northern Irish: distinguishing name (Middle English Yunge, Yonge, 'Young.' In Middle English this name is often found with the Anglo-Norman French definite article, for example Robert le Yunge. Americanization of a cognate, equivalent, or like-sounding surname insome other language, notably German Jung and Junk,Dutch (De) Jong(h) and Jong, as well as the French Lejeune and LaJeunesse and assimilated form of French Dion or Guyon.

In Scotland the earliest documented occurence of the name was a John Young in Dingwall who witnessed a chareter by the Early of Ross in 1342 and a Symone Yong was a burgess of Elgin in Moray around the smae time. Alexander Young was a chaplain to the House of the Holy Trinity in 1439. Peter Young was tutor to James VI [Scotland] / James I [England].


Spelling Varients: OG, OGG, JUVENIS, JUNG, YHONG, YONG, YONGE, YHONGE, YUNGE, YHUNG, YOWNG, YWNG, ZOWNG, ZONG, ZHONG, ZUNG, ZEUNG, ZOONGE, TARNO

"Young Surname Facts." Clan Young Society, Inc. [http://www.clanyoungsociety.com/dna-project.html]. 2013. web.
# 12 - Clan Young - 12/05/2013 - 04:11 - - - Scotland

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